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Shoulder pain

The shoulder joint is the most complex and flexible joint of the human body.

This characteristic makes it prone to causing diseases and injuries, significantly affecting the overall quality of life of the patient.

Shoulder pain can occur during movement, rest, sleep and in combination with muscle weakness, stiffness and instability.

CAUSES

Most often, shoulder pain is due to diseases and injuries of the elements that make up the joint (bone, cartilage, muscles, tendons and nerves).

Other times shoulder pain comes from the neck.

The most common causes are:

  • Arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Tendonitis (inflammation of the tendon)
  • Tendon rupture
  • Dislocation (shoulder instability)
  • Fractures
  • Diseases of the acromioclavicular joint
  • Inflammations
  • Symphytic bursitis also known as “Frozen shoulder Syndrome”
  • Calcific Tendonitis
  • Impact Syndromes
  • Traumatic injuries

DIAGNOSIS

Having a detailed history and a thorough clinical examination are primary steps.

The mechanism of the disease, traumatic or not, the duration or severity of the symptoms as well as concomitant symptoms should be sought.

PHYSICAL THERAPY

The recovery program aims to recover the range of motion, the stabilization and strengthening of the muscles of the shoulder joint.

The type of program and the time of recovery depends on the severity of the damage and the functional requirements of each patient.

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